Ibn Battuta was a very famous Muslim traveler. When he was 21, he made a decision to start his journey. 1325, June he began his journey to Morocco from there he went to Mecca to perform pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. Next, he visited Medina, which was a part of his pilgrimage. Medina is known to be the holy city for Muslims. And most of the countries traveled by Ibn Battuta were ruled and governed by Muslims. The main reason behind this was the Islamic influence he had, and his quest for gaining knowledge related to God made him travel more. He considered the knowledge attainment as the order of GOD and wanted to achieve it as the guidance of GOD, so he started a solitary journey.
He found that eternal happiness only lies in the attainment of knowledge related to God’s ideology and orders. He wanted to know more about from where does the Islamic law were being attained and from what the world was like before and after Islam. Ibn Battuta routes mainly covered the Islamic regions governed by Islamic rulers.
The routes are taken by Ibn Battuta
- The first course of Ibn battuta’s routes was through the different Islamic countries like ale gems, Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Tunis, Makah, and Medina.
- Later he moved to Iraq and then performed another pilgrimage to Makkah and stayed there, for the attainment of knowledge for three years.
- From Makkah, he moved to Yemen through red sea
- Then he decided to visit Aden and sailed to East Africa. Once he reached to Kula, he thought of performing the pilgrimage once again, and this made him travel back Makah via Bahrain, Yemen, and strap.
The routes followed by Ibn Battuta on his return
- So when he reached to Makah, he wanted to pursue a permanent job in the Sultanate of Delhi, so he decided to visit India.
- To do so, he had to learn Persian, therefore, had to hire a guide, which he was unable to do so. Then he traveled back to Cairo, Syria, and Palestine. Once reached alley he was made to cross the black sea which made him reach turkey. From there with the caravan, he went to India.
- Khurasan and its other cities were the first destinations on his return. Later he crossed the famous Hindu Kush Mountains through Afghanistan and entered India.
- The journey didn’t end here, so he continued to move to Karachi. Sukkur, Multan and finally made to Delhi.
- There for many years, he enjoyed the company of the Sultan of Delhi, but later he felt that his life was under threat and decide to move to China. Next, he wanted to move to Sri Lanka and Maldives but ended up returning to China.
- He then moved to Calicut, Muscat. Crossed Iran, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, and Palestine and finally performed the 7th pilgrimage at Makah.
- Finally, he decided to move back to home
- But his journey didn’t end here he continued to visit Spain, Sahara, Nigeria and many other Muslim countries.